UTO : Cashmere Library : Facts about Cashmere and Knit

Glossary

Glossary

Alpaca
An animal of the camelid family found in South America.

Angora
Angora rabbit, known for its softness, also produces good color. But fibers break easily and blow off in the wind.

Aran jumper (sweater)
Jumper/Sweater from the Aran Islands of Ireland; sweater patterns are linked to different clans.

Cashmere goat
A goat that produces cashmere hair. Found in high mountains in central Asia. Its hair is very fine and soft.

Camel
The color camel is usually the animal’s natural hair color. Found in desert areas in Asia and Africa.

Chiru
Also known as the Tibetan Antelope, with hair finer than cashmere. They live in the Tian Shan Mountains of China. Capturing the animal is prohibited by CITES.

Clothes moth
They eat wool and make holes in sweaters. Only the young moths feed.

Crimp
The natural waviness of wool fiber.

Cut and sew
A process of knit making; the knitted fabric is cut according to a pattern and seamed together.

Double knitting
Double knitting is a form of knitting in which two fabrics are knitted simultaneously.

Full fashioning
Knitting the shape of a design pattern by adding or reducing stitches.

Fulling
The final process of knit products that involves washing with water to make the fabric softer, denser, and thicker.

Gauge
The density of knitting stitches.

Keken
“KE’KEN Textile Testing & Certification Center.” Used to be an extra-departmental organization of the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry.

Knitted fabric
Knitted fabric is a material with interlaced loops.

Latch needle
The latch needle is mainly used in knitting machines that have a butt at one end and a short hook closed by a latch at the other. This invention had a significant impact on the knit industry.

Linking
Linking is a process of joining side seams or edges of fabric pieces together with a row of knitting.

Loop length
Loop length or stitch length is a length of yarn that includes the needle loop and half the sinker loop on either side of it. Loops with a short length are referred to as tight loops; long loops are referred to as loose loops.

Lot
The number of units of an article produced at one time.

Merino Wool
The most luxurious natural wool, developed from the fleece of Merino sheep.

Mohair
A silk-like fabric or yarn made from the hair of the Angora goat, notable for its high luster and sheen.

ORGAN NEEDLE
A Japanese company manufacturing knitting needles and sewing machine needles. Their world market share of sewing needles is 15%.

Pilling
Small balls of fluff on the surface of knitted fabric.

Plain stitch
A basic knitting stitch in which each loop is drawn through other loops to the right side of the fabric.

Pyrethroid
Pyrethroid is an organic compound similar to the natural pyrethrins produced by the flowers of pyrethrums and used in pesticides.

Raglan sleeve
A raglan sleeve is a sleeve that extends in one piece fully to the collar, leaving a diagonal seam from the underarm.

Scales
The waxy coating of cuticle cells that makes wool water repellent but still allows absorption of moisture.

Spinning
A process in which fibers are twisted and converted to yarn.

Top dyeing
Top dyeing is a method of dyeing fiber or yarn prior to its being spun. The top is wool that has been combed to take out the short fibers. Cashmere is usually dyed with this method.

Two-plied yarn
Multiple strands of spun yarn put together and twisted in the opposite direction from that in which they were first twisted.

Varied carpet beetle
The varied carpet beetle is often considered a pest. The larvae damage natural fibers such as wool and silk.

Vicugna
Animal found in the Andes Mountains, southern Peru. Its hair is very thin, but its length is short, not suitable for knit fibers.

Wool
Animal hair; generally means sheep hair.

Yasumi
A linking machine used for knit production. Named after its Japanese inventor.